The Celestial Sea and the Ark of Heaven - Appendix

From the recently-published Space Travelers and the Genesis of the Human Form by Joan d'Arc I have, since writing the above article, gleaned the following, highly relevant information, indicating that the Flood was associated with the planet Saturn not only by ancient man, but by the famous astrophysicist, Emmanuel Velikovsky. It also suggests the theory, proposed in the Dagobert's Revenge article "Le Serpent Rouge and the Rennes-le-Chateau Parchments Decoded", that the Noah's Ark scenario occurred for a number of people on Earth during the Flood, each landing on a different mountain, which was for them, the equivalent of Mt. Ararat. I quote from Space Travelers:

"[Velikovsky] noted that rabbinical sources refer to the building of many arks before the deluge. Velikovsky suggested that there were perhaps many Noahs, but only one of the arks actually survived. He wrote, however, that ancient stories say that other people survived the flood waters in caves high in the mountains, in far separated regions of the Earth... The continents changed their places, and even the sky was not the same.

The Astrological connection between Saturn and water catastrophes was a very ancient origin, wrote Velikovsky. Many ancient astrologers, including Ptolemy, attributed floods to the planet Saturn. The Hindus assigned the deluge to the end of the Satya Yuga, and the reign of the Satyavrata, or Saturn. The Saturnian age was the age of the Flood, and Brahma (the planet Saturn) is said to have warned Manu of the deluge. After the waters covered the Earth, Brahma is said to have 'floated over the expanse of the ocean.' An ancient woodcut portrays Brahma seated 'on a rayed disk', which is hovering over the waters of the deluge. The woodcut contains the words: 'Then the Lord floated over the vast ocean, void of the sun and moon.'

In his publication Kronos, Velikovsky noted that the identification of Brahma with Saturn is evidenced by the fact that the god is assigned a celestial sphere. A celestial sphere could be interpreted as an 'orbit.' Velikovsky noted that legends tell that the 'high-souled Brahma is seated in the highest abode', and that the 'highest celestial sphere is that of Brahma.'

... Velikovsky ascribed the universal deluge to a catastrophe, invoking the planet Saturn, which, he believed, exploded like a supernova. The date of the event, he claimed, was possibly about ten thousand years ago. He believed the solar system, and perhaps points beyond, were illuminated by this exploding star, 'and in a matter of a week the Earth was enveloped in waters of a Saturnian origin.'"

This sounds very similar to the Saturnian catastrophe that David Talbott described in his article, which, he believes, also caused the Flood, even implying, as Talbot did, that Saturn was the brightest object in the night's sky at that time. Such a catastrophe would have been huge, and global, wiping out 90% of all life. Any survivors, locked in the many arks that Velikovsky imagined, would have had to remain floating aimlessly until the water began to subside, and then only the mountain tops would be inhabitable, as we have speculated must have occurred in the French Pyrenees mountains, one of the first post-Diluvian settlements. Joan d'Arc makes a similar observation later on:

"Archeologists have always been curious about the peculiar origins husbandry and agriculture in the mountainous regions of Mt. Ararat - a strange place for agricultural beginnings. Even the Table of Nations in Genesis 10 seems to suggest that higher areas were populated first... The first seven nations to be established by the lineage of Noah were situated in the highlands of Asia Minor, the Black Sea, and the Caspian Sea. The lower coastal areas and islands were settled by much later descendants, since these areas were not habitable until much later."

Evidence that a civilization did spring up in the immediate surroundings of the landing-point of Noah's Ark is presented in the book The Day Behemoth and Leviathan Died, by David Allen Deal. Deal was on the archeological team that discovered what were believed to be the remains of Noah's Ark in Turkey in 1977, and an ancient city near the surrounding area that was presumably built by Noah himself. Deal writes:

"On October 7th, 1998, confirmation and identification of the lost city of Naxuan was made by a team of three... of an ancient culture just at the place of the Ark's landing at 7400' up on Judi Dagi, just east of Dogubayazit, adjacent to the Iranian border. This site is also an ancient necropolis, used for thousands of years, with millions of graves extant... Hood, Sura of the Koran proclaims that the Ark landed on 'Al-Judi' (Cudi Dagi in Turkish is pronounced Judi.) The name Cudi is derived from the ancient Shemitic cognate khud, meaning 'first', or 'the first.' It is not only the name of the mountain - the first settlement after the flood, but it is the source of the name of its perennial occupants as well, the Khurds. The ancient rendering for the region is the mountains of Corduria, the 'mountain of the Khurds.'"

This etymology is particularly interesting given that which we've already examined in other articles. "Cudi" is similar to "Cadi", which, as we have stated, refers to the Akkadians, and the ancient god-kings of Atlantis, known as the "Khatti." The word "Cuddy" still implies fish in many languages, thus, for instance, the word "cuttlefish." In fact on of the Atlantean kings wrote his name as the hieroglyph for a cuttlefish. That this would mean the same thing as "Judi" implies that the word Judah, and thus, Jew, came from this root in addition to the tribal name "Khurd." That it has the word "Dagi" attached to it is also interesting, for it implies the Atlantean King Dagon, who was also known as "El", or "Al", meaning lord. And that Cudi Dagi is a mountain is very important, for Dagon was also known as El Shaddai, the Lord of the Mountain. For this to be the mountain upon which Noah's Ark may have rested is even more perfect, for Dagon was further identified by the appellation "Lord of the Flood", and is said to have helped Noah to safety according to some traditions.

Deal continues:

"This is the very important mountain that is mentioned by ancient writers such as Berosus and the Koran. It is the very twin-peaked (breasted) 'Mountain of Mashu or Mesha' which was written of in the ancient Sumerian/ Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, as well as the Bible. (Genesis 10:30) It is in the 'hairy Urartu' or 'mountains of Urartu', to quote the Bible, seventeen miles across the valley from Mt. Ararat."

Readers may recognize these "Mountains of Mashu" from the article "Dead But Dreaming", about H.P. Lovecraft and the Necronomicon, where the "Mountains of Mashu" are named as the place where the evil ancient ones, consigned to the underworld, congregate, and it is suggested that they can travel from the underworld, to Earth and all the way up to Heaven via these mountains. A similar implication is brought forth by David Allen Deal later on. He also elaborated on the meaning of the name:

"This mountain [Dagi] has an adjacent, or descent which is called Masher in Turkish, meaning doomsday - or Mashur, meaning resurrection; both probably deriving from the Shemitic word for rescue from the water (Mashesh.) Moses was similarly named Moshesh - because he was rescued from death out of the Nile waters... Judi-Cudi Dagi is the name of the highest peak on the Ark mountain, a modern city in present-day Armenia, situated 75 miles east of both Mount Ararat and the Ark of Mount Judi (Cudi), near Dogubayazit, Turkey, bears the name 'Nachicevan', which is the same as Noah's city Naxuan (a) noach (= Noah) - tsywn (= Zion, meaning 'capitol city'), or also, possibly Noakh-tswaneh, meaning 'Noah's sheepfold.')"

This paragraph is interesting for several reasons. For one, it states that "Mashu" may come from a word that means "rescue from water", bringing to mind the phrase "deliver me from the mire" from Le Serpent Rouge, and that Moses may have been named after this as well. It also states that the name of Noah's capital was "Noah's Sion", and that the word Sion means capitol. This may shed new light the Priory of Sion's apparent interest in the Flood of Noah, referred to repeatedly in the Priory document, Le Serpent Rouge. Perhaps the "Sion" which they are dedicated to is something more that just a symbol of Jerusalem, and perhaps the "Ark" treasure believed to be buried at Rennes-le-Chateau/Montsegur is more than just the Ark of the Covenant, as has been previously presumed. The phrase "Noah's sheepfold" also implies the kings of Atlantis, who were called shepherds. And the fact that the place of the Ark's landing became a large Necropolis, known as Doomsday, is significant too, for in Le Serpent Rouge it is implied that part of the buried treasure of Rennes-le-Chateau/Montsegur involves "embalmed corpses." Deal continues in detail:

"...Nearly two thousand years before our time, Josephus the Jewish historian made mention of the city of Naxuan... Noah had been dead for 2100 years before Josephus took up his writings in the first century A.D. Such a time span is terribly long to keep a monument active. Facts which shall be presented give rise to the following hypothesis; in order for such a monument to remain in service it would have to be a secular necropolis, a city of the dead, totally independent of the empires - a burial ground that everyone could be connected to no matter which family of man, religion, or state, because at this level all men are descendants of Noah... All families of the earth, all nationalities, all religions, all united in death, awaiting doomsday on Masher Dag with Noah and his Ark... 'Mashu-Mesha-Mashur' meaning 'Judgment Day' or "Doomsday'... In the Epic of Gilgamesh, the hero comes to the mountain called Mashu, to meet with Utnapishtim, the 'ageless one' who has been saved from the Deluge. David Fasold points out that the name Mashu is virtually the same as the name of the slope where the Ark remains are found, 'Mashur.' This name is the same as the name given in the Bible in Genesis, Mesha."

Deal goes on to present archeological evidence that while the Ark had originally been parked on Naxuan, which is called locally 'the place of first descent', soil erosion caused it to slide downhill. 'The old Ark had broken away, hull still intact, from just below the escarpment known locally as Yigityatagi, or 'Hero's Bed.' This is fascinating, because it implies a connection to the other "hero's bed' believes to be located at Montsegur along with the treasure - the Tomb of Hercules. Writes Deal:

"Near the site where the ruined Ark now rests, is a small town of stone an mud-walled Kurdish houses, and most likely is the remains of the latest and final permutation of Seron, known as 'the city of dispersion.' Nearby towns called "sar' and "Na-sar' may have been reflections of the original name Seron... The Ark descended , and impaled itself on a sharp rock, or 'tsar', in the Shemitic Aramaic Hebrew languages, giving name to the city of 'Tsaron.'"

In this paragraph, Deal not only shows that the Biblical name of Sharon (as in "The Rose of Sharon) derives from the name for "sharp rock", but this author feels that the words "Tsar" (meaning 'king') and 'star' may be linked as well. This makes sense, because a king's rule symbolically rests upon stone, a stone which in many cultures is said to have fallen from Heaven, and which is sometimes referred to as a "star." In Jewish culture, this stone is the "Rock of Sion." He comments further:

"The point of impact and penetration of the side of the hull by the great sharp rock (tsar) shows quite well how the forces of impact have both distorted the hull and bent the pulpit by means of its pivotal motion after it became attached to the sharp rock. Anchor stones, huge one, have been discovered both neat the Ark (Kazan) and have been reported hundreds of miles up-course at the original site of Ankara, Turkey. (Ankara means anchor in Greek.) Ton Wyatt of Tennessee reported finding one near the ark ruins and has shown a photo of it on his website... Gilgamesh stated that, 'It is impossible to pass over the waters of death without the stone things."

While the author obviously thinks that this is a reference to the use of anchors, I think it is more likely a reference to the use of lodestone for a compass in navigation, which, there is evidence was known of, and even worshipped, by ancient man. It is worth noting that both compasses and anchors are important symbols in Freemasonry.

Deal next turns his etymological insights to the word "ark":

"An ark, in Shemitic, is a chest or box, even a boat, properly (tubah.) Egyptians made chests in the shape of cats and other zoomorphic and even anthropomorphic shapes. Sailors still call their boats 'tubs.' Could this be a reflection of the ancient word used for the great ship of Noah, a Tub-ah? The English word 'ark' also is a coffin in Hebrew. It is possible that Noah is still in his Ark, preserved as a lasting monument until doomsday? (Arwn is an ark: as in ark of the covenant. It also means coffin , as in Genesis 50:26.)

These are important statements. For one thing, the emphasis on "Tubah" is interesting because Noah had a son named "Tubal-Cain" who is very important in Masonic lore, his name even being used as password, and he is credited with having invented metallurgy. The notion of Noah being buried in his Ark ties in directly with the notion that Hercules, who also had an Ark is buried within it, at Montsegur, the French equivalent to Ararat. Noah was the progenitor of all men, like his equivalent, Kronos, the "Forgotten Father", and his remains were therefore revered inside a sacred "ark." In this context it is worth reviewing Joan d'Arc's own examination of the word "Ark" in Space Travelers and the Genesis of the Human Form, where she writes:

"The story of the Flood and the ark, which contains the 'archetype of all living creatures in pairs (the word arche in Greek is related to ark) goes back to at least Sumerian times. Robert Temple writes in The Sirius Mystery that the ark stories of the Greeks and of the Hebrews are 'extremely late forms of an exceedingly ancient story, which existed thousands of years before there were such things as Greeks or Hebrews in existence.' He research concludes that both sources are describing magical ships in which sit 'those who come out of the womb' in the sense that they repopulate the world after the deluge.' Specifically, the reference to those who come out of the womb, Temple writes, 'seems to refer to the children of the Earth goddess springing from the womb of the Earth.'"

David Allen Deal seems to come to similar conclusions after examining the Mountains of Mashu, and the legends that surround them, for he felt that the mountains themselves symbolized both the center and the origin of all things. The fact that the mountains of Mashu are twin-peaked ties them in directly with the "world-Mountain" with "two horns" that David Talbott associates with the ship pf Saturn. Deal makes the same connection, and also associates it with the origination of the mother-goddess concept. Deal quotes from the Epic of Gilgamesh:

"So at length Gilgamesh came to Mashu, the great mountains about which he had heard many things, which guard the rising and the setting of the sun. its twin peaks are high as the Wall of Heaven, and its paps reach down into the Underworld... the mountains that guard the rising sun."

There you have it. The "World-Mountain" of Mashu was considered a gateway to both Heaven and Hell, as well as the place where the sun rises. You couldn't ask for imagery more closely associated with the Grail. Deal then comments:

"This term, 'its paps', define it as a female place , at least in the view of the author of the Epic of Gilgamesh. This Mashu was the dwelling-place of Noah (Utnapishtim of the Akkadians.) Others have identified this place as Naxuan. It has been spelled variously Naxuan... Naxuana, Nachidsheuan (literally, Noach-tsywn, which means Noah's Zion, or capitol.) ... It is the place that 'first man' and 'first woman' emerged from Mother Earth."

Deal believes that the mountains and the remains of the Ark itself physically suggest the body of the Mother Goddess:

"Looking up to the mountain Cudi Dagi, it is a simple analog to identify the female breasts along the escarpment, the 'twin peaks' and 'paps' of Gilgamesh. But what really ties the thought together is the vaginal shape of the vessel, the remains of the ark laying in a large triangular patch of expansive mud flow soil, a true Mons Venis. And how fitting it is to have humanity emerge again, in rebirth, as it were, from the female-formed vessel that had so recently saved them from the flood of destruction... The Mother Earth concept must surely have sprung from it at an early date, and this means that Byanu, or Venus of the Celts must have also derived from it as well."

Recalling how Venus' own birth had once been achieved from the severed penis of Kronos, cast into the ocean, and what we know about Egyptian legends that Venus was in fact the pilot of the Ark, this is very important. Deal continues.

"...The Venus connection is a very simple one, although it has, as with most mystery religions, a double-entendre or hidden meaning. Since we see that the Mother Ship of mankind 9and the scene about her) had taken on the attributes of a part of the anatomy of a woman - interestingly, boats are female in our culture - a woman who is now embedded in the mud of the earth, who had, in an abstract sense, given birth to a new generation of humanity, or at the very least had been an instrument of that rebirth, we may look to the Shemitic double-meaning in the earth-goddess name 'byanu.' In Hebrew, a Shemitic language (Akkadian Shemitic is the language of the Epic of Gilgamesh), the letter 'b' is a prefix that means by, in or at. Then 'an' is a singular form of 'ani', meaning ships. Nu is a well-known short form of the name of the flood hero, Noah (e.g. AN-NU of the Egyptians, also a Shemitic language.)

Therefore, 'b-an-nu', an early name for the earth-mother goddess of the Gaelic-Keltic peoples of Europe and otherwise known as the goddess Venus, may also simply mean 'by our ship.'"

It would also mean, by implication, that Anu, the Forefather of the Sumerian god-kings who gave them the name "Annunaki", has a name that is a compound of "ship" and the Sumerian name for Noah. And Deal makes it clear that these "gods" and "goddesses" were based on real, historical people. He writes of the goddess:

"... She began as a human personage, Queen Semeramis (her name means doves), who along with her husband, Assur, or Nimrod, the mighty hunter who opposed Yahweh (he is claimed to have begun a war against the 'god of heaven' and built a high tower to shoot arrows up at the 'gods.' started a free-love religion and was prosecuted (and executed) by Shem, and a counsel of eighty elders. His body was hacked to pieces and sent to all the city-states of the day as a warning to any future apostates... Of course, by the next cultural generation in Egypt, Shem 'the righteous' became Set, the 'evil', and poor 'Osiris' (Egyptian Nimrod) is seen as having been hacked to pieces."

Deal ties the goddess concept in with the Ark, and shows that the Ark represented the "Cosmic Egg" from which, in mythology, the human race emerged after the Flood (or sometimes, at the beginning of creation), and shows how it lead to the universal association of eggs and goddess-worship, inherent in the ritual celebration of Easter. Of Ishtar he writes:

"In her myth, she was supposedly born from a huge egg that, according to the legend, had landed somewhere not far from the river Euphrates. After she somehow got out of this great egg, which Hyslop quite accurately equates to Noah's Ark, Ishtar was attended by doves, which have ever since become her symbol, one freely used for her in Christianity to this very day. She is also normally seen as a mother holding a child, a Madonna with doves descending as a major motif.

Meanwhile, back in reality, the Ark of Noah had indeed been 'attended to by doves', the very dove or doves sent out a week apart to determine the level of the water as the flood subsided. The parallel is clear once one is able to equate Ishtar (Great Mother Goddess) with the Ark of Noah. As her religion developed observances of Ishtar's feast day, or more properly, her husband Marduk the Babylonian sun god's day, it came to involve pre-dawn gathering to face the east and the sun rising on vernal equinox morning (surprisingly close to Easter with its pagan sun worship.) This idea ultimately became associated with Ishtar/Easter eggs, recalling her 'great egg' that had in reality been 'the Ark of Noah.'"

Then Deal points out something very interesting about Noah which may link him even ore closely with Kronos who, you will recall, was castrated, his penis landing in the ocean next to the 'Rock of the Romans', miraculously spawning the Lady Venus of the ocean waters. Deal writes:

"In the biblical story, Noah is 'harmed' in some physical way after the flood by kHam's son Canaan while drunk from wine he had made. Canaan is subsequently cursed. Extra-biblical accounts claim that Shem castrated his grandfather, and that is the reason for the radical curse cast on him. There is much in Greek mythology to support this idea."

The element in Greek mythology that I presume he is talking about is the story of Kronos. Deal continues, linking the castrated Canaan with the fratricidal Cain of Genesis - forefather, some believe, to the divine/infernal Grail family. In this light, it is interesting to examine Deal's contention that a conspiracy existed even before the Flood to marry the line of Cain in with the line of Noah to ensure that the bloodline survived the deluge. Deal states:

"In Cain's lineage, the ninth generation, a female is mentioned in the Bible. She is Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain. It is rare for a female to be listed in the biblical genealogies of any family. In Naamah had married kHam, she would have accomplished three things.

First, she would have brought Cain's bloodlines through the flood. Secondly, she would have become the mother of Canaan (named for Cain?) and therefore all the kHametic peoples of the post-flood world. Lastly, she may have caused Noah's distress that his number-one son, kHam had seen fit to marry a descendant of Cain, the murderer, rather than a female from Seth's good line... Naamah would have been the mother of the cursed Canaan and would have been viewed as the great matriarchal ancestral personage that came through the 'primordial flood waters, opposed to the bad male Shem', who, acting as world-king, later hacked her grandson Nimrod to death. These two opposing forces were in play very early on. KHametic peoples with their prevalent matriarchal beliefs, and Shemitic peoples with their male deity Yahweh. Nimrod, the grandson of kHam and Naamah, was claimed to have instituted a great apostasy against Yahweh, who 'dwelt in the skies.' He built a high tower for the fight. He was possessed with hate against Yahweh, probably brought on by his grandmother Naamah's hate of Adam's king line, and perhaps even for Noah, her father-in-law, who was a lineal descendant in the king line."

Interestingly, Deal points out that Set, or Seth, is portrayed as alternately a godly man, in the Jewish tradition, or the Devil himself, in the Egyptian tradition, proving that good and evil are subjective according to the local politics or a given culture. Such a transformation seems to have occurred with Satan, of whom Set is a prototype, and who was, in earlier times, perceived as a good guy, a bearer of wisdom and good intentions towards mankind. Deal also show that the Tower of Babel story has a historical basis in the true story of the Babylonian king Nimrod. It is worthy of note that the Tower of Babel story shows up closely in proximity to the Flood story, and would seem to be interrelated somehow. Most cultures who have Flood stories also have Tower of Babel stories, also located closely together in chronological time.

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