by, Tracy R. Twyman
The mythology surrounding Christian Rosenkreutz, the legendary founder of the Rosicrucian Brotherhood, may provide us with clues as to the location of the Emerald Tablet of Hermes, upon which their Hermetic wisdom is based, as well as the famed relic of the Holy Grail which this magazine is dedicated to. It may also shed some light on the mythological importance of the so-called "Hollow Earth" theory, and tell us the location of the body of a dead God or King. In question, the location of Rosenkreutz's tomb. He is said to have died at the age of 106, in the year 1484, and was buried in a secret vault, deep in a cave inside of a mountain, which was "lit by an inner (or artificial) sun." The location of this tomb was kept secret, until 120 years later, when it was discovered by a group of Rosicrucian brethren. Here they found a cache of sacred mystery writings, which became the core wisdom of their order. And yet, their wisdom is said to be based on the Emerald Tablet, begging the question of whether or not it was in fact the Emerald Tablet that they found. They also found the body of their master, "pure and unconsumed", his flesh having not decomposed one bit, but appeared to be made of candle wax. With the discovery of the tomb and the sacred mystery writings, the Rosicrucian brotherhood, having been ostensibly dead since the demise of their leader 120 years previous, is born anew, and the brethren who have made the discovery take off to spread the news to all the corners of the Earth. Now as Christopher McIntosh points out in his book, The Rosicrucians, many elements of this story are very familiar. "The idea of a monarch of leader who is not dead, but asleep, and will one day awaken is a familiar one. It was applied not only to King Arthur, but also to such historical figures as Charlemagne and Frederick Barbarossa. In Rosicrucian legend, it is the Brotherhood which reawakens, while its founder, although ostensibly dead, remains undecayed as a symbol of his abiding influence through his followers." Indeed this "sleeping God" or "Lost King" who will one day awaken/return is an extremely prevalent archetype. It has been applied to the Greek Kronos/Saturn, Satan/Lucifer of the Biblical legends, as well as Jesus Christ of the same, an entire host of Sumerian gods (which became, in Lovecraftian lore, the "Dead but Dreaming God Cthulhu), and the "Fisher King" of the Grail Story, to name but a few.
But are there any other clues to indicate that this Rosenkreutz story may be a part of a much older tradition? A telling example can be found in the Adeptus Minor ritual of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. In this ritual the aspirant is made to pretend that he is in fact the discoverer of Rosenkreutz's tomb. The Chief Adept plays the role of the dead Rosenkreutz, and at the height of the ceremony, is resurrected again. It is the Golden Dawn's version of the Masonic Hiram Abiff ritual, and that is important, for just as Hiram Abiff has been associated by the Masons with Osiris, and the Egyptian rituals that also involved feigned death and resurrection, so is Rosenkreutz in this ritual likened to Osiris as well. A quote from the ritual reads: "This place was entitled by our still more ancient fratres and sorores the Tomb of Osiris Onnophris, the Justified One."
Other details of the Tomb that are given in the ritual yield parallels even more shocking. The Tomb, says the ritual, has seven sides, upon which are written "emblems", etched on colored squares that appear to the naked eye to be "flashing." Behind each of these flashing squares is found a drawer, each one containing a part of the sacred mystery writings which are the Corpus Rosicianicum of the Brotherhood. In the midst of the tomb, directly over the body is a circular altar, upon which are inscribed the four figures of the Kerubim - The Lion, the Eagle, the Man, and the Ox - as well as the following queer phrases:
Libertas Evangelii - Liberty of the Gospel
Dei Intacta Gloria - Unsullied Glory of God
Legis Jugum - The Yoke of the Law"
As many Dagobert's Revenge readers are probably aware, this "inner sun" concept closely parallels a similar myth in regards to the so-called "Hollow Earth" myth. According to these legends, some of which are modern, while others surprisingly ancient, the sphere of the Earth is hollow, the Earth's crust being only 300 feet thick, beyond which a new world can be found, called Agartha, which can be entered at the North and South Pole, populated, according to some, giants who live unto the ages of the Biblical patriarchs. In fact, according to some, like Olaf Jansen, this is the actual location of the Garden of Eden, the Abode of the Gods, located literally in the center of things, in the womb of the Earth, and atop a magical white mountain that appears over and over again in various mythologies, for this is the "World Mountain" that provides the axis for the Earth. This inner world is lit, according to legend, by an "artificial sun", or "The Smoky God", as it has been called, a ball of electro-magnetism that is said to provide warmth and light for the inhabitants of the inner Earth. and while this sounds like science fiction, it does actually have many parallels with the Biblical and Apocryphal stories of the Fallen Angels who, after the War in Heaven, were imprisoned in Hell, the Pit, located in the bowels of the Earth and ruled over by Satan, called, according to tradition, the Lord of the Earth. (Interestingly, in the Golden Dawn ritual, it is the "Lord of the Earth" who causes Rosenkreutz to rise again.) There are also many parallels in the world of Hermeticism and alchemy.
Alchemy concerns itself with the search for the elusive "Elixir of Life", a sort of cure-all substance that is capable if bringing health, wealth, immortality, and spiritual emancipation to him who possesses it. Literally, it involves the transformation of base metals into gold, while figuratively, it involves the transformation of the dross of the unrefined Soul into the "Lapsit Exillis" - the Stone from Heaven. This stone represents perfection idealized, the amalgamation of opposites into a unified whole. And yet it is also called the Hidden Stone because it lies in the midst of all things, and men do not see it, giving rise to the parable of the "Stone that was Rejected" in the building of Solomon's Temple, which in the end becomes the cornerstone for the House of God. And this stone has also been equated with the sun, shining in perfect brilliance, ruling the Heavens like a King over his Realm.
Now the alchemical process, both the physical and the figurative, involves a stage called Dissolution, when the elements (or the base emotions and Ego of the aspirant) are dissolved, to be replaced later by purity of spirit, or Gold. This stage is symbolized by.. a Black Sun! And this black sun stage is equated with none other than Saturn, or Kronos, the Sleeping God buried in a subterranean tomb who is called "The Hidden One"! And this is precisely why Elixir of Life is called "The Hidden Stone" - because it is hidden in the midst of this dross or base matter, the Black Sun, which, once dissolved, reveals the shining brilliance within. This dross matter is called the Prima Materia, the Original Matter from which all other forms were made. Yet the Black Sun has also been said to represent this Prima Materia, the Great Void from whence the Universe came. At the same time, the concept of the Black Sun arose some say because the ancient civilizations believed that the Sun dies at night as it set in the West, and descended into the Underworld, where it turned Black. The next day it would resurrect again in the East. They imagined the sun actually traveling underneath the Earth via a secret subterranean passageway, and had hieroglyphs depicting this. Significantly, there is an alchemical motto called "V.I.T.R.I.O.L", an acronym for Latin words which translate to "Visit the Interior Parts of the Earth; by Rectification Thou Shalt Find the Hidden Stone."
Is this Hidden Stone, then, the same as the Black Sun that lights the inner Earth, and the "Hidden Sun" which lights the tomb of Christian Rosenkreutz? Clearly, from the phrasing of the ritual, the Golden Dawn considers the Hidden Sun to be synonymous with the mystic Rose which is the symbol of their order. This Rose has always been equated, not only with the female vagina, but with the Holy Grail, which is also called the Hidden Stone and the Stone that Fell from Heaven, and is also believed to contain the Elixir of Life. So it would appear that these four symbols - The Black Sun, the Mystic Rose, the Holy Grail and the Stone from Heaven/Elixir of Life, all represent essentially the same thing, or at least portions of the same thing, stages in the same process. The fact that the rose is surmounted upon an equilateral cross could be seen as symbolic of its place "in the center of things", that is, figuratively, to be found in the deepest recesses of your soul, where resides the equilibrium of opposing forces; and literally, in the center of the Earth's axis. But is there any further evidence that ties this in more directly with the inner earth, the Holy Grail and a buried or "Hidden" god?
Yes there is. Lots more. Some is to be found in the same Adeptus Minor ritual of the Golden Dawn, and the correlations are, in fact, pretty direct. In the beginning of the ritual it is states:
"The Tomb is Symbolically situated in the centre of the Earth, Mountain of the Caverns, the Mystic Mountain of Abiegnus. The meaning of this title of Abiegnus - Abi-Agnus, Lamb of the Father. It is by metathesis Abi-Genos, Born of the Father. Bia-Genos, Strength of our Race, and the four words make the sentence: ABIEGNUS ABIAGNUS ABI-GENOS BIA-GENOS. "Mountain of the Lamb of the Father, and the Strength of Our Race."As I have mentioned, the dead but dreaming God buried in a secret tomb who will one day arise is a recurring theme in many mythologies. There is even a similar story related in The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz , when the title character stumbles upon the tomb of the Lady Venus, her body lying undecayed in a Death-like slumber, an well-known attribute of Venus which has given rise to the tale of "Sleeping Beauty." More striking parallels, however, are to be found with Hermes, the God-Man who is said to have brought the alchemical wisdom of the Gods to mankind, and has thus been equated with the Egyptian Thoth, as well as with Enoch, the patriarch in the Bible who was allowed to go to Heaven and take the Elixir of Life, which caused him to live forever. Enoch also was allowed to write down the Secrets of the Gods upon a tablet, which was brought down to Earth and given to Noah to Enlighten mankind. Hermes had a similar tablet, said to be the color of Emerald, and to contain all the secrets of alchemy, known to the Gods. By revealing this hidden knowledge to Man, Hermes therefore has a Luciferian, Titanic and Promethean aspect to him. Hermes is said to never die, but to fall into periods of prolonged sleep, which he is awakened from at regular intervals by the periodic discovery of his tomb. The descriptions of the discovery of the tomb of Hermes, said to have been found by both Paracelsus and Alexander the Great, among others, parallel directly that of Christian Rosenkreutz's tomb, even down to the "mystery writings" contained therein, i.e. the Emerald tablet of Hermes, upon which the Rosicrucian writings are undoubtedly based.
The form which the Emerald Tablet takes has been described in a variety of ways, each with a symbolic meaning which holds a clue as to the overall meaning. A 1609 portrait of the Emerald Tablet by Henry Kunrath portrays it in the form of words inscribed on the side of a mountain, with fire issuing from the top. The author is reminded of the mountain upon which (or in which) Moses inscribed the Tablets of Testimony, which in occult lore is traditionally equated with the Emerald Tablet as well, for there is a secret legend existing which states that Moses acquired the Tablet from the Priests of Egypt prior to the Exodus. One is also reminded of the reference to the "Mountain of Albi-genos" in which Rosenkreutz is buried, and which is inscribed with magical writing. As McIntosh writes in The Rosicrucians, "... a mountain covered with symbols is used as an allegory of the alchemical process." He also quotes the author Thomas Vaughn, who wrote about "a mountain situated in the midst of the Earth, or the center of the world, which is both great and small. It is soft, also, above measure, hard and stony. It is far off and near at hand, but by the providence of God invisible. In it are hidden the most ample treasure, which the world is not able to value." (Another, similar poem says this land was lit by a "midnight sun.") This mountain is clearly a representation of the aforementioned "world mountain", which is common to all cultures, and is often described as white, or sitting in the middle of a white island, thus the word "albi" is used in the Golden Dawn ritual, meaning white. This parallels, for instance, the Greek Mt. Olympus, the abode of the Gods which, according to Plato, was the largest mountain on Earth, capped with snow, and with four rivers issuing from its top, residing in midst of the Isle of Atlantis. This same mountain is said by Olaf Jansen to now sit in the center of the Earth, and the four rivers are the Euphrates, the Pison, the Gihon, and the Hiddekel, the same ones which flowed in the Garden of Eden. This symbolic mountain is undoubtedly the same one, in the center of the Earth, which this Mount in the Golden Dawn is trying to represent.
And yet, there is a real, existing mountain in the south of France which is worthy of the title "Mountain of Albi-Genos", and which is also rumored to house the Holy Grail. In fact local legend says that the Grail has always been there, ever since a dove from Heaven had descended upon the mountain, split it open with its beak, and dropped the Grail inside. This is the Mountain of Montsegur, which was the last Cathari stronghold to give out, ending the Albigensian Crusade. This was the only crusade waged by Christiandom against people who were Christians themselves. The term "Cathar" was a catch-all term used by the Catholic church for the numerous Gnostic Christian cults that proliferated across the Languedoc region of France during the Middle Ages. As they grew in numbers, they gradually became a threat to the established order of orthodox Christianity. Finally, in 1208, the Pope declared war on any Cathar who would not immediately repent and convert to the True Faith. Most of the Cathars held true to their convictions and many of the local townspeople protected them from the crusading soldiers, for the Cathars were seen by the general public to be eccentric but essentially good and moral people. Even the famous crusaders the Knights Templar refused to fight in this battle, and some say they actually assisted the Cathars secretly. The term "Cathari" mean "The Pure Ones", as so they were also called Albigensians, purity being traditionally associated with the color white. Finally, the enemy was cornered, holed up in the mountain fortress of Montsegur, which eventually capitulated on March 1, 1244. The Cathars were immediately put to death. The leader of the Crusades, Simon de Montfort, issued the now famous order, "Kill them all. God will know his own." Thus, the Albigensian Crusade has been called the first genocide in history. But the night before Montsegur fell, a group of Cathar knights disappeared over the walls with the so-called Cathar treasure of Holy Grail, which they deposited, according to rumor, inside one of the many caves in Montsegur.
Now fast forward to WWII, in which France is occupied by the Nazis, and a young German author, researcher and S.S. Lt. named Otto Rahn is sent by the Nazis to Southern France to look for the Holy Grail, which many in the Nazi hierarchy are eager to possess. The Nazis, it will be recalled, also believed whole-heartedly in the theory of the Hollow Earth, and sent expeditions down to Antarctica looking for the entrance. Furthermore, the Nazis had great admiration for the Cathars, especially their disciplined lifestyle, vegetarian diet, and sophisticated Gnostic theology. In fact, there were elements within the Nazi hierarchy who were hoping to resurrect the Cathar religion. So it was only natural that Otto Rahn would go looking for the Holy Grail at the place which the Cathars were said to have left it - Montsegur. He also knew that in the Grail romances of the Middle Ages, the Grail is said to reside in a castle at the top of Mount Salvat, which Rahn believed to be the same as Montsegur. So he stayed for a number of years, off and on between 1928 and 1931, exploring the caves of Montsegur and the tunnels of the surrounding Languedoc, even the village of Rennes-le-Chateau. Interestingly, another group of people were also exploring Montsegur at this same time. This group was known as the Polaires, a secret mystical society (influenced by Rosicrucian and Martinist teachings) that at one time included the author Rene Guenon, another Hollow Earth believer. And what were they looking for at Montsegur? Why, none other than the tomb of Christian Rosenkreutz, which according to a local newspaper, they suspected to be in the nearby ruined castle of Lordat.
If this is not enough to conclude that the Tomb of Christian Rosenkreutz was believed by these occultists to be the location of the Grail, this should tie up the loose ends. The information comes from a remarkable book by Col. Howard Buechner called Emerald Cup - Ark of Gold: The Quest of S.S. Lt. Otto Rahn of the Third Reich. According to Buechner, Otto Rahn did discover something in the caves around Montsegur, just as Parzival had discovered the Holy Grail in a cave near Montsalvat. Buechner says that Rahn found the landscape to parallel exactly Mount Salvat in Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival, and writes that, "The grotto and certain other rock formations in the story bear the same names as those in a massive cave near Montsegur." This is interesting because it is also recorded that Eschenbach visited nearby Rennes-le-Chateau prior to writing his book. And it was the clues in that book which, according to Buechner, led Rahn to make his first awesome discovery. Writes Buechner:
"He explored the grottoes of an area known as Sabarthez, notably the grottoes of Ornolac and the massive cavern of Lombrives. Here he found a huge chamber which was known to the local mountain people as the "Cathedral" because it had served as a meeting place for the ancient Cathars. In the main hall was a great stalagmite known as the 'Tomb of Hercules.' In a third grotto, that of Fontenet, was a stalagmite which was white as snow. It was called the 'Altar'... Deep within the grottoes of the Sabarthez he found chambers in which the walls were covered with characteristic symbols of the Knights Templar, side by side with the well-known emblems of the Cathars... One very interesting image which had been carved into the stone wall of a grotto was clearly a drawing of a lance. This depiction immediately suggested the bleeding lance which appears over and over again in Arthurian legends, and which is, of course, the Holy Lance which pierced the side of Christ at the crucifixion."The reference to the Tomb of Hercules is interesting because of the implication that a God is buried within the mountain, just as Rosenkreutz is buried within the mountain of Albigenus. Furthermore, Hercules, like Hermes, was another one of those "Luciferian" gods that went about spreading knowledge and civilization to men all over the world. Far from being the dumb jock that modern conceptions depict him to be, with the physique and mentality of a WWF wrestler, Hercules was actually very wise. In fact, according to Plato, he was one of the kings of Atlantis. And just as Hermes possessed a magick stone which fell from Heaven (according to legend written on a jewel out of Lucifer's crown) and which had strange electro-magnetic properties, and which has been associated with the Holy Grail, Hercules also possessed a Heavenly stone, and a special golden cup that he put it in! Write Ignatius Donnelly in his book Atlantis: The Antediluvian World:
"The Magnet was called the 'Stone of Hercules.' Hercules was the patron deity of the Phoenicians. He was, as we have shown elsewhere, one of the Gods of Atlantis - probably one of its great kings and navigators... Hercules, it was said, being once overpowered by the heat of the sun, drew his bow against that luminary: whereupon the god Phoebus, admiring his intrepidity, gave him a golden cup, with which he sailed over the ocean. This cup was the compass, which old writers have called Lapis Heracleus. Pisander says Oceanus lent him the cup, but Lucian says it was a seashell. Tradition affirms that the magnet originally was not on a pivot, but set to float on water in a cup. Some even see a compass in the Golden Fleece of Argos, and in the oracular needle which Nero worshipped... Hercules was, as we now, a god of Atlantis, and Oceanos, who lent the magnetic cup to Hercules, was the name by which the Greeks designated the Atlantic Ocean. And this may be the explanation of the recurrence of a cup in many antique paintings and statues. Hercules was also represented with a cup in his hand... So oracular an object as this self-moving needle, always pointing to the north, would doubtless affect vividly the minds of the people, and appear in their works of art. When Hercules left the coast of Europe to sail to the island of Erythea in the Atlantic, in the remote west, we are told, in Greek mythology, that he borrowed the cup of Helios, in with which he was accustomed to sail every night. Here we seem to have a reference to the magnetic cup used in night-sailing; and this is another proof that the use of the magnetic needle in sea voyages was associated with the Atlantean Gods."Continued on Next page